Critères d'inclusion : gned informed consent (after informing the patient).
Age between 18 and 70 years.
Histologically confirmed cancer of the uterine cervix: squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), adenocarcinoma, or adenosquamous carcinoma.
At least one evaluable lesion according to RECIST v1.1 criteria for the assessment of the principal judgment criteria.
International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) classification (confirmed by both clinical staging and imaging):
(i) stage IB2-IIA tumour with positive pelvic nodal status, as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and/or fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18-FDG PET)/computerised tomography (CT); (ii) stage IIB-IVA tumour, regardless of pelvic lymph node involvement; (iii) stage IVB tumours only if the metastases are limited to the paraaortic lymph nodes.
No evidence of metastatic disease outside the para-aortic area by primary staging (including clinical examination, pelvic MRI, 18-FDG PET, +/- laparoscopic para-aortic lymph node staging).
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) of 0 or 1.
Adequate haematologic and end-organ function, defined by the following laboratory results obtained within 15 calendar days prior to the first study treatment:
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1,500/mm3 (≥1.5 x 109/L) without granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) support.
Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) >2,000/mm3 (>2.0 x 109/L).
Lymphocyte count ≥500/mm3 (≥ 0.5 x 109/L)
Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm3 (≥ 100 x 109/L) without transfusion.
Haemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL (90 g/L; patients may be transfused to meet this criterion).
International Normalized Ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) ≤ 1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN) for patients not receiving therapeutic anticoagulation.
Patients receiving therapeutic anticoagulation should be on a stable dose.
Creatinine <1.5 ULN or calculated creatinine clearance (CrCL) ≥ 55 mL/min (calculated using the Cockcroft-Gault formula).
Aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), and alkaline phosphatase <2.5 x ULN.
Serum bilirubin <1.5 x ULN.
Proteinuria < 200 mg/dL (2 g/L).
Ability to comply with the study protocol.
Geographical, social and psychological ability to undergo the followup required by the study.
Women who are not postmenopausal (≥ 12 months of non-therapy induced amenorrhoea) and not surgically sterile:
Must agree to either use an acceptable contraceptive method* or to remain abstinent** (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) during the treatment period and for at least 5 months after the last dose of atezolizumab in arm B and at least 6 months after the last cisplatine dose in arm A.
* Acceptable contraceptive methods include single or combined contraceptive methods that result in a failure rate of < 1% per year, such as: tubal ligation, male sterilization, hormonal implants, established, proper use of combined oral or injected hormonal contraceptives, and certain intrauterine devices. Alternatively, two methods (e.g., two barrier methods such as a condom and a cervical cap) may be combined to achieve a failure rate of < 1% per year. Barrier methods must always be supplemented with the use of a spermicide.
** Abstinence is acceptable only if it is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or postovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.
Must have a negative serum pregnancy test result within 7 days prior to initiation of study drug.
Patients must be affiliated to a social security system or beneficiary of the same, as per local regulatory requirements
Critères de non-inclusion : Histological types of cervical cancer other than those listed in the inclusion criteria, including:
Stage IB2 and IIA cervical cancer with no regional lymph node metastases (N0).
Stage IVB cervical cancer with presence of distant metastases other than para-aortic lymph node metastases.
Prior surgery for cervical cancer unless cone resection and paraaortic lymphadenectomy.
Prior pelvic radiotherapy, other radiotherapy, chemotherapy or immunotherapy.
Any malignancy other than the disease under study in the past 5 years excepting skin cancers such as BCC or SCC.
Pregnant or lactating women, or intending to become pregnant during the study.
Obesity (Body Mass Index [BMI] > 30).
History of clinically relevant cardiovascular disease, congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] Class II or greater), or a known left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <50%, symptomatic coronary artery disease, poorly controlled cardiac arrhythmia, or myocardial infarction.
Active inflammatory bowel disease, lack of physical integrity of the upper gastrointestinal tract, malabsorption syndrome.
Serious infection requiring oral or IV antibiotics within 4 weeks prior to randomisation, including but not limited to hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteraemia, or severe pneumonia.
Treatment with another investigational therapy within 30 days prior to initiation of the study drug.
Major surgical procedure within 4 weeks prior to randomisation or anticipation of the need for a major surgical procedure during the study other than for diagnosis. The following are not considered a major surgical procedure and are therefore permitted:
(i) placement of central venous access catheter(s) (e.g., port or similar); (ii) surgical lymph node staging with no perioperative complications; (iii) placement of ureteral catheters.
History of severe allergic anaphylactic reactions to chimeric, human or humanized antibodies, or fusion proteins.
Known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell products or any component of the atezolizumab formulation.
Any contraindication to the use of Cisplatin
History of autoimmune disease, including but not limited to myasthenia gravis, myositis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, vascular thrombosis associated with antiphospholipid syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjögren's syndrome, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, meningoencephalitis, or glomerulonephritis (see Appendix 6 for a more comprehensive list of autoimmune diseases) with the following exceptions: patients with a history of autoimmune-related hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid replacement hormone, patients with controlled Type 1 diabetes mellitus on a stable insulin regimen, and patients with mild autoimmune skin disorders (such as eczema or atopic dermatitis involving <10% of the skin) may be eligible for this study.
History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF, including pneumonitis), drug-induced pneumonitis, organizing pneumonia (i.e., bronchiolitis obliterans, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia), or active pneumonitis.
Pre-existing hearing impairment.
Peripheral neuropathy ≥grade 2
Positive test for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Active hepatitis B (positive hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] test at screening) or hepatitis C (positive hepatitis C virus antibody [HCVAb] test at screening). Note: Patients with past hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection or resolved HBV infection (defined as having a negative HBsAg test and a positive hepatitis B core antibody [HBcAb] test) are eligible.
Known active tuberculosis.
Receipt of a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks prior to randomisation or anticipation that such a live, attenuated vaccine will be required during the study. Note: Patients must agree not to receive live, attenuated influenza vaccine (e.g., FluMist®) within 28 days prior to randomisation, during treatment or within 5 months following the last dose of atezolizumab.
Prior treatment with CD137 agonists, anti-PD-1, or anti-PD-L1 therapeutic antibody or immune checkpoint targeting agents.