Schéma : Perineal wound problems after abdominoperineal resection (APR) in the context of cancer are frequent. These types of resection problems occur because of wound complications caused by large perineal defects. Indeed, perineal wound complications, perineal abscess, wound dehiscences, chronic fistulas and sinuses lengthen the hospital stays. Futhermore, the standardization of the surgery since the late 2000s and the extralevator technique lead a larger defect and increase i perineal complications.
Several strategies are used to decrease the complication rate. Closure by direct approximation of the pelvic muscles leads to a rate of major complication up to 57% depending on the series. Musculocutaneous flaps help to reduce this rate (16- 65%) but they generate their own morbidity, require experience and increase the costs of care. Finally, the use of biologic meshes since the beginning of 2010 seems to have improve the healing process. However, results are still variable and the only randomized study comparing direct closure and mesh closure showed no significant results at one year. Another ongoing randomized trial is comparing gluteus maximus flap to mesh closure and focusing on physical performances.
This increase in post-operative complications and their consequences causes an increase in costs. In addition, they affect the patients' quality of life and lead to a loss of productivity. From an oncological point of view, perineal scarring problems can cause a delay in the adjuvant therapeutic sequence. Few studies have highlighted the efficiency of perineal wound complications, using cost-effectiveness analyses. In order to clarify the best strategy comparing primary and mesh closure in term of cost effectiveness on perineal healing after ELAPE, we designed this randomized controlled trial.
- Experimental: Arm with biological mesh
The intervention consists of perinal reconstruction using biological mesh (Cellis prosthesis from Meccellis Biotech, reference C1015E size 10x15cm)
The intervention consists of suturing a biological mesh in the pelvic floor defect. The mesh will be sutured at each side of the coccyx or distal sacrum and directly to the residual pelvic floor muscle and fascia by using interrupted or continuous hand-sewn sutures with an appropriate amount of tension. The mesh that will be used is the Cellis prosthesis from Meccellis Biotech, reference C1015E which size is 10x15cm.
- Active Comparator: Arm with primary perineal wound closure
The intervention consists of perinal reconstruction by primary perineal wound closure
The intervention consists of stitching the ischioanal and subcutaneous fat using interrupted Vicryl sutures in one or two layers similar to primary perineal closure
- Incremental Cost-Utility Ratio (ICUR) [ Time Frame: At 12 months ]
- Cost Utility evaluation as assessed by quality-adjusted life year [ Time Frame: At 12 months ]
Phase : NA
Stade : Localisé à Localement avancé